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Bugis Ethnic

Written By Rio Gonzales on Friday, January 6, 2012 | Friday, January 06, 2012


Bugis is a tribe belonging to the tribes Deutero Malay. Go to the archipelago after the first wave of migration from mainland Asia precisely Yunan.The word "Bugis" is derived from the word To Ugi, which means the Bugis. Naming "Ugi" refers to the first king of the Chinese empire contained in Pammana, District Wajo today, namely La Sattumpugi. When the people of La Sattumpugi calling itself, then they refer to their king. They called themselves as To Ugi or the people or followers of La Sattumpugi. He is the father of Sattumpugi We Cudai and siblings with Batara Lattu, father of Sawerigading. Sawerigading itself was the husband of We Cudai and gave birth to several children, including La Galigo that make the greatest literature in the world with approximately 9000 pages folio. Sawerigading Opunna Ware (The Pertuan in Ware) is the story contained in the literature I La Galigo in Bugis society tradition. Sawerigading also known story in the tradition of community Luwuk, Kaili, and Gorontalo in Sulawesi several other traditions such as Buton.
DevelopmentDuring its development, this community is growing and forming several kingdoms. These communities then develop the culture, language, script, and their own government. Some classics include Bugis kingdom Luwu, Bone, Wajo, Soppeng, Suppa, Sawitto, Sidenreng and Rappang. Although scattered and form Bugis, but the cause of consanguinity marriage with Makassar and Mandar.Currently Bugis people scattered in several districts of Luwu, Bone, Wajo, Soppeng, Sidrap, Pinrang, Sinjai, Barru. Transition area between the Bugis Makassar is Bulukumba, Sinjai, Maros, Pangkajene Islands. Intermediate region with Bugis and Mandar is Polmas Pinrang District. Luwu kingdom is the kingdom that is considered the oldest along the Chinese empire (which later became Pammana), Mario (later to become part Soppeng) and afternoon (the area Pangkajene Islands)
Women and Technology
The period of the KingdomKingdom of BoneBone chaos in the area for seven generations, which then appears a known Manurungnge To Manurung Matajang ri. Seven small kings inaugurating Manurungnge ri Matajang as their king by the name Arumpone and they became the legislative council known as ade pitue.
Kingdom of MakassarIn the 12th century, 13, and 14 feet kingdom of Gowa, Soppeng, Bone, and Wajo, which begins with a social crisis, where people prey on each other like a fish. Kingdom of Makassar and Gowa and Tallo split into. But in its development, the twin kingdoms of this re-coalesce into the kingdom of Makassar.
Kingdom of SoppengIn times of turmoil, the two men appeared Soppeng To Manurung. First, a woman known by the name Manurungnge Goarie ri ri who then ruled Soppeng Aja. and second, a man named La Temmamala Manurungnge Sekkanyili ri ri Soppeng ruling in Lau. Finally, two royal twins became royal Soppeng.
Kingdom of WajoWhile the royal Wajo come from the communes of the various directions that gathered around the lake Lampulungeng led by a man who has supernatural abilities called puangnge lampulung ri. After the death of him, the move to Boli commune led by someone who also has supernatural abilities. Lapaukke arrival of a prince of the kingdom of China (Pammana) some time after that, then build the kingdom Cinnotabi. For five generations, this empire broke up and formed the Kingdom Wajo.
The conflict between the KingdomIn the 15th century when the kingdom of Gowa and Bone began to strengthen, and Soppeng and Wajo began to emerge, then there is a border conflict in the political domination and economic control of inter-kingdom. Bone kingdom expanded its territory to meet with the region in Bulukumba Gowa. Meanwhile, in the north, Bone met Luwu Walennae River. Moderate Wajo, also slowly expanding region. While Soppeng expand westward until in Barru.

The war between Luwu and Bone by Bone won and seized the royal umbrella Luwu then bring together their empire. Walennae River is the economic path of Tempe Lake and Lake Sidenreng toward the Gulf of Bone. To maintain its position, Luwu build alliances with Wajo, by attacking some of the areas of Bone and Sidenreng. The next area of ​​Luwu increasingly shifted to the north and controlled Wajo through conquest or amalgamation. Wajo then rub with Bone. Invasion of Gowa then grab some areas of Bone and conquer Wajo and Soppeng. To counter the hegemony of Gowa, Royal Bone, Wajo and Soppeng make an alliance called "tellumpoccoe".
The spread of IslamAt the beginning of the 17th century, Islam came from Minangkabau announcer on the orders of Sultan Iskandar Muda of Aceh. They are Abdul Makmur (Datuk Bandang ri) which Islamize Gowa and Tallo, Suleiman (Datuk Patimang) spread Islam in Luwu, and Nurdin Ariyani (ri Datuk Tiro) which broadcast in Bulukumba Islam. [2]
Dutch ColonialismMiddle of the 17th century, there was fierce competition between Gowa with VOC to occur several times a battle. While Arumpone detained in Gowa and resulted in the opposition, led La Tenri Tatta Daeng Attack Palakka Whitewater. Whitewater Palakka supported by Turatea, small royal Makassar who are not willing under Gowa. While the Sultan Hasanuddin son La Tenri supported by Lai Tosengngeng Matowa Wajo Whitewater, Maradia Mandar, and Datu Luwu. Devastating war that resulted in Somba Opu fort was destroyed. This defeat resulted in the signing of the Treaty of adverse Bongaya Gowa empire.Lapatau marriage with the daughter of Datu Luwu, Datu

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