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Ethnic Sunda

Written By Rio Gonzales on Friday, January 6, 2012 | Friday, January 06, 2012


Sunda kingdom as the name would not appear until the 8th century as a continuation or successor royal Tarumanegara. Center of his empire in a circle of Bogor, now. History Sundanese experiencing a new round because the direction of the north coast of the White Rose (Batavia) incoming power from the Dutch Company (1610) and from the east entrance of power inland Mataram (since 1625).
According to RW. Van Bemelan in 1949, Sunda is a term used to name the plains of the northwestern area of ​​eastern India, while the southeastern plains called Sahul. A Sundanese ethnic group originating from the western part of Java island, Indeonesia. Which originates and resides in West Java. The area is also often called the Land of Pasundan or Tatar Sunda.

DESCRIPTION LOCATION

In the cultural area in eastern Pasundan bounded by rivers and Citanduy Cilosari, which is perbatassan language. The region itself has an area of ​​55,390 km ² and consists of 20 districts. Pasundan land is known for its cool climate and a view of beauty. Located in upland areas with high rainfall so that soil fertility is no
doubt. In the know, 1998, Sundanese numbered approximately 33 million people, most of them living in West Java. Their name is often regarded as the Sundan in Africa and is misspelled in the encyclopedia. Some spelling corrections in the computer as well turn it into a Sudanese.

ELEMENTS OF CULTURE

1. LANGUAGES
Sundanese language is also known levels in the language, which is Unda-rafters language to distinguish between age groups and social status were:
1. Lemes Sundanese (fine) that is used to talk with parents, the elder or respected person.
2. Sundanese is the language used between people who are equal, either age or social status.
3. Sundanese language that is used by the supervisor rude to subordinates, or to people that lower social status.
However, in Serang, and Cilegon, Banyumasan language (Java level coarse language) used by ethnic Javanese migrants.

2. RELIGIOUS
The majority of tribal communities Sundanese embraced Islam, but there is also a religious Christian, Hindu, Buddhist, etc.. They were classified as devout followers of the religion, because to them the obligation to worship is a priority. For example in running fast, praying five times, and the pilgrimage for those who can afford. They also still believe in the existence of supernatural powers. There is also the ceremonies associated with one phase in the cycle of life, building houses, planting rice, and others.

3. TECHNOLOGY
The results of the latest technology is very easy to get such tools are used for agricultural dasa earlier times are still using traditional tools, has now been changed to use modern tools, such as tractors and rice milling. In addition there are also tools of modern telecommunications and electronic goods.

4. LIVELIHOOD
Sundanese principal livelihood is
1. Plantation fields, such as the tea plant, palm oil, rubber, and quinine.
2. Agriculture, such as rice, and vegetables.
3. Fisheries, such as shrimp ponds, and brackish fish fishery.
In addition to farming, gardening and managing fisheries, there is also a livelihood as traders, craftsmen, and farmers.

5. SOCIAL ORGANIZATION
Kinship system used is parental or bilateral kinship system, which followed the second lineage belh phak parents. At the time of marriage, there is no necessity Sundanese married with certain breeds of origin does not violate the provisions of the religion. After marriage, the newlyweds can stay in place the residence of the wife or husband, but in general they chose a new place to live or neolokal. Seen from the point of the ego, the Sundanese know istilh seven generations up and down seven generations, were:
Seven generations or more:
Old-fashioned, grandmother, Buyut, Bao, Janggawareng, Udeg-udeg, Hanging siwur

Seven generations down:
Child, cu, Buyut, Bao, JanggawarengUdeg-udeg, Hanging siwur

6. KNOWLEDGE SYSTEMS
Adequate facilities in the area of ​​knowledge and information facilitate the public in selecting the educational institution they are going to enter in a variety of levels. As in the beginning of the kemerdekaa in West Java, there are 358,000 primary school pupils, then in 1965 increased to 2,306,164 primary school pupils. So it means an increase of 544%. At this time in the era of the 20 districts have been available in every capital of universities, faculties, and university branches.

7. ART
Sundanese people are so fond of going to the arts, there are so many different types of art, such as:
1. The art of dance: dance masks, peacock dance, dance and dance jaipong sisingaan.
2. Sound art and music:
Ø gamelan (orchestra sort of): use of drums, gongs, saron, harp, etc..
Ø One of the songs, among others, namely the Sunda region Bubuy months, Ice candles, Manuk Dadali, Tokecang and Warung corner.
3. Puppet show
4. Traditional weapons ie Cleaver

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