Strategic geographical location shows how Indonesia is rich in natural resources with all its flora, fauna and potential deposit hidrografis and abundant natural resources. Indonesia's natural resources from agriculture, forestry, marine and fisheries, animal husbandry, farming and mining and energy.
As an agricultural country, agriculture became the most important livelihood for the majority of the people of Indonesia. Agricultural land area approximately 82, 71% of the total land area. The land is mainly used for rice cultivation. The spread of rice production is still concentrated in Java due to the high productivity and harvested area compared to other islands. Other agricultural production are maize, sweet potatoes, peanuts and soybeans. The production of vegetables, horticultural species include large red onion, scallion, potato, cabbage and carrots. While the production of horticultural types of fruits include mango, durian, oranges, bananas, papaya and barking.
Based on the age of plants, plantations in Indonesia is divided into two major groups, namely crops (sugarcane, tobacco, cotton, distance, fragrant lemongrass, patchouli and hemp) and perennial crops (rubber, coconut, coffee, palm oil, clove, nutmeg, wood sweet, vanilla, hazelnut, nut, tamarind, palm, palm, coconut deres, and sago palm). Most of the plantation cultivation of annual crops.
Livestock population in Indonesia consists of a large livestock population, such as dairy cows, beef cattle, buffalo, and horses. Population of small ruminants include: goats, sheep, and pigs. While the poultry population consisted of chicken, broiler chicken, broiler chickens and ducks. Among livestock products, which currently has export prospects are processed leather (tanned).
Based on the function, Indonesia's forests are divided into four types, namely protected forest, production forest, nature reserves, and forest tours. Forestry production in the form of forest wood, well logs, sawn timber and plywood. From the results of these forests, which is currently a mainstay product Indonesia for export activity is plywood.
Physical fact that two-thirds of Indonesia in the form of the sea, the sea's natural resources have huge potential. In addition to containing oil, gas, mineral and marine non-conventional energy, and treasure that has begun to be dug though still limited, the sea also produces fish lestarinya potential is estimated at 6, 4 million tons per year. Currently the only used about 70%. The development of marine resources and fisheries are grouped in five marine industry, namely the fishing industry, marine energy mineraldan industry, maritime industry, including shipbuilding industry, shipping industry (marine transport) and the tourism industry (marine tourism and conservation areas). Today is a mainstay of Indonesian fishery exports are shrimp and tuna.
Mining and energy are expected to be excellent sources of foreign exchange earnings, particularly from oil and gas export revenues. Two of these mines the quantity of commodities greatly affect the condition of Indonesia's economy, so it is often used as a basic assumption in the budget planning. The electrical energy is still largely produced by PT National Electricity Company (PLN), whereas the remainder by the companies that run local government, cooperatives, or other private companies. The Government is also exploring alternative energy sources to reduce dependence on oil. Aternatif energy sources that are owned in large jumbal is a gas, coal, hydropower, geothermal, and solar power. Alternative energy that is currently being worked pemrintah is a vegetable based energy or biofuel with ingredients such as oil palm plantation crops, sugarcane, cassava, and distance.