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Ethnic Baduy

Written By Rio Gonzales on Saturday, January 21, 2012 | Saturday, January 21, 2012

Banten Province has a traditional society that still holds fast to the traditions of indigenous tribes who lived in the village Baduy Kanekes Leuwidamar Lebak District. Village Baduy community at large lies in the area
Bedouin or commonly referred to as a society Kanekes is the name of a group of indigenous Sundanese in Banten. Bedouin tribes living in the interior of West Java, the last village can be reached by vehicle was Ciboleger VILLAGE (West Java). From this village we are only able to enter the tribal region outside Baduy. But before we go kewilayah Baduy tribe we had to report first with customary leaders who called Jaro. Kanekes society in general is divided into three groups: tangtu, panamping, and dangka.
* Group tangtu (Baduy in).In the Bedouin tribes living in the jungle and still isolated and have not entered the culture luar.selain Baduy people in the most obedient to all the provisions and the rules established by Pu'un (Traditional Chief). Bedouin people in living in three villages, namely Cibeo, Cikartawana, and Cikeusik. The hallmark of the Bedouin is a natural white clothes and dark blue and wearing a white headband and a machete. Their clothes are not collared and buttoned, they are also not barefoot. They had to go anywhere just walking barefoot and never carry cash. they do not know the school, the letter that they know is a script language Hanacara and Sundanese. They must not use equipment or facilities from the outside. So they can imagine living without electricity, money, and they do not know the school. One example of the means that they are created without the help of outside equipment is the Bamboo Bridge. They create a bridge without using nails, to bind them using bamboo fibers, and to shore up the foundations of the bridge used large trees growing on the banks of the river.

* Community groups panamping (Outer Baduy),they live in the village Cikadu, Kaduketuk, Kadukolot, Gajeboh, Cisagu, which surrounds the area Baduy. Outer Baduy distinctively dressed and black headband. Incredibly Bedouin tribes have lot of mingling with other Sundanese communities. apart from that they also are familiar with the outside culture, such as attending school.
* Group Baduy Dangka,they live outside the area Kanekes, and currently resides in the remaining two villages, namely Padawaras (Cibengkung) and Sirahdayeuh (Cihandam). Dangka village serves as a sort of buffer zone of influence from outside
Livelihoods of Bedouin communities the most important is planting paddy field for dry rice cultivation and gardening and making crafts Koja or bags of bark, palm sugar processing, weaving and a small portion has been known to trade.
Beliefs held Kanekes is a Sundanese community in Wiwitan.didalam Baduy, There is such a provision is not written that race descendants of Mongoloid, Negroid and Caucasian region should not be entered into the Bedouin. If any provision of this custom in violating it will be taxable sap called kuwalat or pamali is a Bedouin tribe itself.
The essence of trust is shown by the existence of absolute pikukuh or customary provisions adopted in the daily lives of people Kanekes. The most important contents of the 'pikukuh' (compliance) Kanekes is the concept of "without any changes", or a change in as little as possible:
"Lojor heunteu beunang cut, short-jointed heunteu beunang"(The length can not / should not be cut short, can not / should not be spliced)



Bedouin tribes have their own governance to the chief as its leader called puun amounted to three people.
Implementation of customs administration kepuunan implemented by Jaro which is divided into 4 positions each Jaro has the functions and duties of each. Namely tangtu Jaro, Jaro dangka, Jaro dependents, and Jaro pamarentah. Jaro tangtu responsible for the implementation of customary law on citizens tangtu and various other matters. Jaro dangka duty to maintain, administer, and maintain a deposit ancestral lands inside and outside Kanekes. Jaro dangka totaling 9 people, which when added to the third person called Jaro Jaro tangtu twelve. Leaders from twelve Jaro Jaro is referred to as a dependent. The Jaro pamarentah customarily served as a liaison between indigenous Kanekes with the national government, which assisted in his duties by pangiwa, strip, and kokolot overtime or village elders
Law in Society within the Bedouin
Punishment tailored to the categories of violations, which consists of serious violations and misdemeanors. Usually in the form of mild punishment sipelanggar dialing rules by Pu'un to be given a warning. Which belong to the type of minor offenses, among others bicker or argue-mouth between two or more citizens of Bedouin.
Heavy penalties for those who committed serious. Offenders received sentences that were called by local Jaro and given a warning. In addition to their severe warnings, siterhukum also be incorporated into a correctional institution (LP) or a custom home detention for 40 days. In addition, if virtually free will be asked again whether he still wanted to be in the Bedouin in or going out and become citizens in the face of the Outer Baduy Pu'un and Jaro. Outer Baduy more lenient in applying the customary rules and regulations Bedouin.
Interestingly, whose name here is a heavy penalty if there is someone people to bleed a drop is considered heavy. Committed adultery and the dress style of the city.
Many of the prohibitions set forth in Bedouin customary law, of whom may not attend school, are prohibited from raising cattle quadrupeds, not justified by increased vehicle travel, forbidden to use electronic equipment, household appliances and luxury more than one wife.
In terms of dress, in the interest Baduy berbedaan contained in a dress that is based on gender and level of adherence to custom, namely Luar.Untuk Bedouin Bedouin Bedouin In and In, the men wear long sleeves called the diadem sangsang, the pieces do not wear collars, do not wear buttons and do not wear pocket. The color of their clothing is all-white umunnya.
To the bottom using a similar cloth gloves blue-black color, which just wrapped at the waist. And at the head of the tribe Baduy using a white headband. for Foreign Bedouin tribes, the clothes they wear are black clothes shucks. Headband also dark blue with batik patterns. Seen from the color, model or style fashion Outer Baduy, show that their lives are affected by outside cultures. Meanwhile, for the clothing worn among Bedouin women in the Foreign and Bedouin are not too revealing striking differences. They wear a kind of sheath blackish blue color from the heel to the chest. For women who are married, usually leaving his chest open freely, while for girls breasts should be enclosed.Blog with ID No 26 250In the process of wedding couples getting married are always fixed up and there is no such thing as dating. Parents will stay in touch male to female parents and introduce their two children each.
After getting an agreement, then proceed with the process of applying three times. The first stage, the male parent must report to Jaro (Village Head) with a betel leaf, betel nuts and gambier taste. The second phase, in addition to carrying betel, areca, and gambier, applying this time equipped with a ring made of white steel as her dowry. The third stage, preparing the equipment needs of households, as well as Seserahan wedding dress for the women. Interestingly, in traditional terms, Baduy people do not recognize polygamy and divorce. They are only allowed to remarry if one of them had died.

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