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Ethnic and Society of West Flores

Written By Rio Gonzales on Sunday, January 22, 2012 | Sunday, January 22, 2012

Many Stories Manggarai people concerning their origin. Some say the descendants of Sumba, the last Turkish descent living in Mandosawo, descendants of Bima on Sumbawa, Luwu Bugis in Sulawesi, Malacca Malay and Minangkabau. In fact no one but the person Manggarai Manggarai tribe consists of various ethnic groups, sub-tribe or clan.
Each wave of immigrants occupy a specific area and in its development, developing centers of power with its own customs. Originally descendants of Sumba, who arrived in several waves such as foster interest (adak) Bajo in the south to west. People Mandosawu mukim mountain air near the top of the mountain Mandosawo but later moved to where Mano is now at the foot of the mountains to the north. One tribal leader, known asKuleng tribe named Rendong Mataleso recognized as the ancestor alliance adak Cibal, Lambaleda, and Poka.
Immigrants from the Minangkabau reputedly arrived in Flores near Labuhanbajo at this place called Warloka. Archaeological excavation in Warloka found evidence of prehistoric settlements since palaeolitik, building stone dolmen, menhir and proof of relationship with the outside world in the form of Chinese ceramics from the time of the Ming and Cing. Minangkabau people, under the leadership of Karaeng Mashur, build adak Todo. They settled in the area and Pongkor Todo now. There was, said they met with the aboriginal people who think the story was small, furry, and did not know clothes or fire.

It is said that dragons once lived in tribal Ata Modo. However, with the arrival of the Bhima, Bugis and Bajo no longer the original descendants of Modo. Similarly, other tribes are mixed into the Manggarai Tribe no longer be separated.
Since the 11th century struggle between imperial Manggarai to Bima on Sumbawa and the Sultanate of Gowa in Sulawesi to obtain a monopoly of trade. Although clearly a foreign power is felt only on the coast, leaving the influence of both these rulers in the form of power structure and degree. In Reok and pota, both small town on the north coast representative of the Sultan of Bima ditempatkanlah. The tribes that while it has begun to be organized in a tribal alliance is headed by a Dalu kedaluan who is primarily responsible for collecting tribute for the Sultan of Bima. Dalu placed under the control gelarang one or more area landowners (Tu'a Teno). And Dalu gelarang selected mostly among traditional leaders. Then, in its development into a hereditary title. The eruption of Mount Tambora in 1815 broke the power of Bima. Exploited this opportunity to try some great Dalu aggrandizement. Conduction power struggle ensued and Cibal Todo Todo won by.
When the Dutch arrived in Manggarai in the early 20th century and took over possession of the Manggarai of Bima, they found and continue the administrative structure of government. Meanwhile, most ordinary people still live in small villages are isolated, which generally consists of some typical circular houses with conical roofs on top of a hill which easily defended from enemy attack.
Manggarai people are basically farmers fields although in places that allow many are switching kesawah. Lives and livelihoods are formed of way acquisition and land management, which is generally the pattern of field cultivation.

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