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Tropical Pitcher Plant Indonesia

Written By Rio Gonzales on Friday, December 23, 2011 | Friday, December 23, 2011

Tropical pitcher plant or in the Latin language Nepenthes sp is a genus of plants belonging to the family monotipik. Plants consisting of at least 103 species have unique because it is almost entirely a carnivorous plant, a meat eater. In addition to the carnivores also has a unique shape, size, color and style pockets. Hence not a few people who maintain it. But the existence semar Pockets (Nepenthes) in their natural habitat even in danger of extinction. Even June 2009 ago, announced some species LIPI semar Bags (to avoid hunting, the species name withheld) as the rarest plants in Indonesia.
Semar sac grows scattered from northern Australian, Southeast Asia, to southern China. In addition there are Nepenthes sp also in Madagascar, New Caledonia, India and Sri Lanka. Indonesia itself is a country that has the highest species diversity. At least 64 species found in Indonesia semar bags. Of these, 32 species found in Borneo (Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Darussalam), 29 species found in Sumatra, 10 species on the island of Sulawesi, 9 species in Papua, Maluku and 4 types in the two types in Java.
In Indonesia, as semar bags varies from area to area. Some local names untu semar Pockets, among others (friends from other areas could be added):
  •     Stoneware monkey (Riau)
  •     Pockets monkey (Edinburgh)
  •     Ketakung (Bangka)
  •     Sorok Raja Mantri (West Java)
  •     Ketupat Napu (Dayak Katingan)
  •     Telep Edge (Dayak Bakumpai)
  •     Bengongong Selo (Dayak Tunjung)
Habitat and Physical Characteristics Semar Bag
 
These plants are capable of living in lowland tropical rain forests, mountains, peat forests, deciduous forests, limestone mountain to savanna. Plants mostly live in empifit, which attaches to the trunk or branches of other trees with long stems reaching up to 20 meters. While semar bags that live in savanna areas generally terrestrial life, grow upright with long stems less than 2 meters.

In general, these carnivorous plants have tendrils at the tip of the leaves. These tendrils can termodofikasi form a pocket that traps used to capture prey such as insects and frogs. The bag itself as a whole consists of five forms, namely jars, oval, cylindrical, funnel dang waist.
These carnivorous plants including two species of flora reside. That is, each plant has only one sex of flowers. So to be able to produce offspring, it must perform the Carnivore interbred. That's what causes many of the Nepenthes species are born from a natural hybrid. Semar bags can also reproduce vegetatively by budding.Semar bag that Carnivore
semarSewaktu pouch young leaves, on the Nepenthes predator bag closed. Then, open when fully grown. But that does not mean the bag is closed the carnivorous flora as a young man alone. He shut himself while being devour their prey. The goal is that the digestive process running smoothly and not be disturbed swarms of enemies ready to seize the food that he had gained.
Hole lip bag fitted with a fraudster. The organs were able to cast a red and sweet aroma. Lip color and blush bags Semar sweet-scented lure and it will make potential prey off guard. Animals are lured will slip into the pocket between the slick. The acid (enzyme proteolase) situated in the middle of the bag and then digest the prey's body. Prey body fateful Posphat then processed into salt and nitrate which is then absorbed by the bag Semar.
Not all types of bags Semar have the same favorite prey. Ants are the favorite menu for Nepenthes mirabilis but some are like termites such as N. albomarginata. There is also a species of drifting semar a "vegetarian" or do not like to eat meat but avalanches engulfed the foliage of plants that are on it (Nepenthes ampullaria). There's even a love sac Semar bird droppings (Nepenthes lowii).The bag Semar Rare
Semar pockets including rare plants and some types of (non-hybrid) close to extinction. Of the 386 species fauna of Indonesia is listed in the category "endangered" by IUCN, some species semar bags inside. Even LIPI announced several species semar Bags (to avoid hunting, the species name withheld) as the rarest plants in Indonesia.
Hence these plants are protected under Law No.. 5 of 1990 concerning Conservation of Biological Resources and Ecosystems. Government regulations also No. 7 of 1999 concerning the preservation of plants and animals. Covention of International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) in Appendix mengategorikannya-1 (2 species) and Appendix-2.
Scarcity Pockets Semar (Nepenthes), among others, caused by forest clearing, forest fires, and exploitation for the benefit of business. Which sometimes makes me sad, it is said, not least because of lack of understanding society that exploits Semar Pockets for business by taking it in the wild and then sell them at prices ranging from 25 thousand dollars. A price is not comparable to the scarcity of this flora.
New! Click the words above to view alternate translations. 

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