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National Monument in indonesia

Written By Rio Gonzales on Friday, April 13, 2012 | Friday, April 13, 2012

National Monument, known as Monument or Tugu Monas Square is located at Monas field, Central Jakarta, was built in 1960. The National Monument is one of the memorial is erected to commemorate the resistance and the Indonesian people's struggle against the Dutch colonialists.

Form of memorial that one is very unique, is the cornerstone obeliks marble yoni phallus-shaped fertility symbol based on Hindu culture. This monument towering as high as 132 meters (other versions say 137 meters height is calculated with the existing space under the ground 5 meters).

At the top there is a National Monument that sustains the cup-shaped bronze torches weighing up to 14.5 tons and 35 kg of gold coated. Torch or flame burning is a symbol of the spirit of struggle of the people of Indonesia who was never extinguished in achieving independence. It is said that at the time of Indonesia celebrates 50 years of independence in 1995 a number of Indonesian businessmen donated a number of gold so that the total weight of gold that coats the flame of freedom on top of the Monas to 50 pounds. The National Memorial was built in an area of ​​80 hectares. The architect who designed this monument is Soedarsono and Frederich Silaban, a consultant Ir. Rooseno, began construction in August 1959, and was inaugurated August 17, 1961 by President Sukarno. Monument was officially opened to the public on July 12, 1975.



Court of the peak with an area of ​​11 meters x 11 meters can accommodate as many as 50 visitors. At around the body there evelator emergency stairs made of iron. From the top of the monument Monas courtyard, visitors can enjoy views across the city. Directions to the south stands firmly in the distance Mount Salak in Bogor regency, West Java, stretching north sea with small islands scattered about. While the West extends the Soekarno-Hatta Airport every time it appeared the plane took off. From the top platform, 17 feet to the top, there are flames made of bronze, weighing 14.5 tons and a diameter of 6 m, consists of 77 parts are united. the top courtyard of the monument in the form of " the Fire will never go out" which means that symbolizes the Nation Indonesia so the fight has never subsided all time. High court of the cup from the bottom of 17 m and 8 meters of space history museum. Area of ​​a square-shaped courtyard, measuring 45 meters x 45 meters, is the preservation of sacred number Proclamation of Independence (17-8-1945).

visitors area of Monas, who will climb the peak of the court of Monas monument or museum, can be through the entrance on the plaza surrounding the park Merdeka Square, in the north of Monument Park. Nearby there is a fountain and statue of Prince Diponegoro who was riding a horse made of bronze, weighing 8 tons.
The statue was created by Italian sculptor, Prof.. Coberlato as a donation by the Consulate General of Honores, Dr. Mario in Indonesia. Through the tunnel that is 3 feet below the park and cross the road this monument, the entrance of visitors to the top of Monas monument fenced "Yellow Bamboo". Basic foundation of monument as high as 3 meters, at the bottom there is the living history museum of the national struggle with the size 80 x 80 meters wide, can accommodate around 500 visitors.

On all four sides of each room there are 12 window displays or dioramas devoted life events since the time of the ancestors of Indonesia. Entire walls, pillars and marble floors for a total of 48 dioramas. In addition, the amphitheater-shaped independence space located in the cup Monas monument, depicting the attribute map of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia archipelago, Independence Day, red and white flag and state emblem and the gate door that read the script Proclamation Independence of Republic Indonesia.

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