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Government's role in maintaining indonesia's cultural diversity

Written By Rio Gonzales on Saturday, January 5, 2013 | Saturday, January 05, 2013

Indeed, the role of Government in the context of maintaining the cultural diversity is very important. In this context the Government serves as a protective and pengayom for its residents, as well as the interaction between cultural groups that existed in Indonesia. But unfortunately the Government we think of as pengayom and protector, on the other side was not able to provide enough space for all the groups living in Indonesia. For example, how the Government was not giving room for indigenous groups to develop minority languages in accordance with the culture. Cultures that developed in accordance with the population turned out to not be taken seriously by the Government. Cultures of the minority population group has been replaced by the dominant culture of the local area, so as to make the original a cultural minority group politics being knocked out. Another example is a fairly notable is how for example works of art of culture results were seen in the perspective of interest of the Government. The Government determine whether a poor cultural products based on its importance. The strong implication of cultural politics is carried out in the past (the new order) is to be made of culture to be "Indonesia". In terms of not appreciating the difference that grow and develop naturally, but is turned off in such a way to be equal to the cultural identity is referred to as "Indonesia's national culture". In this context the process be made of culture later led to a thriving culture in the society, including cultural groups native population and marginal groups, being retarded and cornered. Like for example with the existing bureaucracy made the present form of the village to all areas in Indonesia in accordance with the form of the existing villages in Java, causing the loss of customs authorities that exist in the culture of the region.

Not denying the process of peminggiran of culture groups that occur above not be separated with the concept of the so-called national culture, which also deals with the political direction of the national culture. The existence of national culture is in fact a concept of common and unusual in the context of the modern history of the country where it is used by the State to strengthen a sense of community and its community diverse and comes from a different cultural background. But on his way, the Government was strengthening its national cultural boundaries by using the forces of politics, economy, and military. This situation occurs with regard to the idea of seeing that efforts to form a national culture is also an attempt to find the letigimasi ideology in order to solidify the role of Government to its citizens. Not surprisingly then, if the surface is a symptom of how the Government is using all its efforts the political power and his approach to "turn off" the local cultures that existed in the districts, or fringe groups, where the cultures are considered to be incompatible with national culture.
After the 1998 reform, emerging new consciousness about how addressing the differences and diversity of the nation which is owned by Indonesia. That awareness to build a multicultural society which is Indonesia, where the main reference for the realization of a society that is multicultural Indonesia multibudayaisme, which is an ideology that confessed and glorified the difference in kesederajatan both individually and by culture (Suparlan 1999). In the model of multicultural, a society (including community also Nations like Indonesia) seen as having a culture that is generally accepted in society that Parameswara converted as a mosaic. Inside the mosaic covered all the culture of the community – smaller communities that make up the attainment of the greater community, which have a culture like a mosaic. This multibudayaisme Model has actually been used as a reference by the founder of the nation of Indonesia in designing what is named as the nation's culture, as revealed in the explanation Section 32 Constitution, which reads: "the culture of the nation (Indonesia) is a cultural peaks in the area".
 As a multicultural ideology, should be supported by a strong infrastructure of democracy system and supported by the ability of qualified government apparatus because key multibudayaisme is common in front of the law. Countries in this regard serve as facilitators and guardians of intercultural interaction pattern groups to keep in balance between the interests of the Centre and the regions, the key is management of the Government in the balance between two extreme points of the locality and centrality. Such as the case of Papua, where by the Government are allowed to be developed with the Papuanya culture, however economically carried out a fair distribution of the economic cake. In the context of the time, the product or result of culture can be seen in 2 prespekif the culture prevailing at the moment and cultural products or linger in the past.

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